To assist students with gaining full benefit of the educational opportunity provided by AUBH, the university defines violations of academic integrity and provides examples of activities considered academic violations. Since sanctions for academic dishonesty may be severe, it is the responsibility of each student to know and understand the definitions of academic violation, as well as understand any related additional academic program policies related to academic integrity.
The following serves as definitional guidelines for academic integrity violations. Individual faculty members and/or academic programs may provide further guidelines or identify additional violations of dishonest behavior in recognition of the full range of teaching styles employed at AUBH. The university strongly encourages students who may have questions or concerns about any possible form of academic violations to contact an academic advisor, faculty member, or other appropriate university staff for clarification.
A violation of academic integrity is any action or attempted action that may result in creating an unfair academic advantage for the student or an unfair academic advantage or disadvantage for any other member of the academic community. Academic integrity violations include, but are not limited to:
- Cheating – Cheating is defined as intentionally obtaining or attempting to use unauthorized materials or information (e.g., notes, texts, or study aids) or receiving or attempting to receive unauthorized help from another person (e.g., looking at a test paper, asking a question during an exam) in any work submitted for evaluation toward academic credit, including examinations, quizzes, labs, practical exercises, or other assignments.
- Fabrication – Fabrication is defined as intentional and unauthorized falsification, invention, or copying of data, practicum experience, research, lab findings, bibliographic references, or citations in any academic coursework.
- Plagiarism – Plagiarism is defined as the use of intellectual material produced by another person without acknowledging the course or “the offering of words or ideas of another person as one’s own” (J.D. Lester, 1986 Writing Research Papers, 4th Ed., Scott, Foresman & Co., p. 95). In addition, plagiarism can be considered buying, stealing, or borrowing a paper (including copying an entire paper or article, or significant portions of such, from the web); hiring someone to write a paper; and/or copying large sections of text from a source without quotation marks or proper citation. To avoid plagiarism, students must acknowledge the source whenever quoting another person’s actual words, using another person’s idea, opinion or theory, and/or using another person’s facts, statistics, or other illustrative material without acknowledging the source.
To avoid instances of plagiarism, students are expected to use the APA format and style which relies on parenthetical, in-text citation of any quoted or paraphrased material from a source, with complete bibliographic information provided on a separate page in a reference list. All language taken verbatim from an outside source must be enclosed in quotation marks and the source, including the page where the quoted language was found, must be immediately cited within the text. All ideas taken from a source but not quoted must be paraphrased or re-written by the student, as well as cited within the text. Writing that follows original text too closely with only an occasional change of verbiage and, without the use of quotation marks, may constitute plagiarism, despite the presence of a citation.
- Collusion – Collusion is defined as the facilitation of academic dishonesty by intentionally or knowingly providing or attempting to provide any form of unauthorized help to a student with or without the intent to violate this code, including allowing another to copy material from one’s work or assignment with permission or knowledge.
- Verbatim Copying – Verbatim copying is defined as material copied word for word or exactly duplicated without any acknowledgement of the source.
- Ghost Writing – Ghost writing is defined as an assignment written by a third party and represented by a student as her or his own work.
- Abstracting – Abstracting is defined as material copied from another student's assignment or work without that person's knowledge.
- Copyright Violations – Copyright violations are defined as the failure to abide by copyrighted materials in a lawful manner. These laws govern practices such as making use of printed materials, duplicating computer software, duplicating images, photoduplicating copyrighted materials, and reproducing audio/visual works.
- Other Forms of Dishonesty – Other forms of dishonesty may include, but may not be limited to, falsely claiming to have done work or obtained data, misrepresenting reasons for not completing assignments or taking examinations as scheduled, and submitting the same work in a different course without prior approval of the instructors.
Each student is responsible for knowing the limits of assistance allowed. However, each student should assume that any form of assistance is dishonest unless expressly permitted by the faculty member in the course syllabus, written assignment instructions, or test instructions. It is the responsibility of individual faculty members and/or academic programs to determine and articulate any additional expectations of academic integrity within a given program or course.
A central file of all reports of academic dishonesty is maintained by the Director of Student Affairs. Faculty members are obliged to report all academic violations to the Director of Student Affairs, including those determined to be caused by carelessness. In cases of repeated violations, the Director of Student Affairs may impose a Dean’s Hold on a student file preventing the student from further registration and placing a student on immediate suspension pending appeal or mediation.